-More effective than
Exclusively with Patented
L-Pyroglutamic Acid -
Is an amino acid naturally found in
vegetables, fruits, dairy products, and meat. It is also normally present in
large amounts in the human brain, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood. After oral
administration, pyroglutamate passes into the brain through the blood-brain
barriers and may help stimulate cognitive functions.
In the brain, glutamine is a substrate for the production of both excitatory
and inhibitory neurotransmitters (glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid,
popularly known as GABA). Glutamine is also an important source of energy for
the nervous system. If the brain is not receiving enough glucose, it compensates
by increasing glutamine metabolism for energy.
Glutamine users often report more energy, less fatigue and better mood.
DLPA (D,L-phenylalanine) contains two forms of
the amino acid phenylalanine. The "L" form is a natural substance found in
protein-rich foods; it's believed to help elevate mood.
The "D" form of phenylalanine, on the other hand, is made synthetically in a
laboratory; it appears to block a nervous system enzyme that amplifies pain
Phosphatidyl Choline -
Phosphatidylcholine is a major
phospholipid of cell membranes and is a convenient source of choline, which is a
precursor for the important neurotransmitter acetylcholine.
Phosphatidyl serine (Leci-PS) -
Phosphatidyl-serine and other phospholipids are structural components of brain
neurons that can enhance cell-to-cell communication. Studies have shown the
ability of supplemental phosphatidylserine to support healthy congnitive
function. It may enhance healthy memory and thinking ability by facilitating
DMAE (as Bitartrate) -
DMAE (Dimethylaminoethanol) is a chemical naturally
produced in the human brain. It is thought to be used by the body in converting
the precursor choline to the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine. This is the basis
for the reasoning behind the theory that supplementing with DMAE will enhance
N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine -
L-tyrosine is an amino acid that boosts certain
neurotransmitters in the brain, and also converts into a thyroid hormone.
L-tyrosine has been used to support stress reduction and depression.
PAK (pyridoxine alpha-ketglutarate)
is composed of pyridoxine (vitamin B-6) and alpha-ketoglutarate (a
compound intricately involved in energy production). The two components of PAK work to
increase energy production in the mitochondria by increasing the availability of
energy substrates through the citric acid (Krebs energy) cycle. L-Glutamine and
PAK are combined in a 3 to 1 ratio to provide a balance of Glutamine with the
necessary quantity of biologically active enzymatic and energy substrate
activators to achieve a more complete and robust utilization of its components.
Ginko Biloba Leaf (24%
flavone glycosides and 6% terpene lactones 50:1
Ginkgo Biloba has been documented in Chinese
medicine for nearly 5000 years. Both the nuts from the ginkgo biloba tree and
its leaves have been used medicinally. Two main components cause Ginkgo biloba’s
medicinal effects: ginkgo flavone glycosides and terpene lactones.
The flavone is the main reason for Ginkgo biloba’s antioxidant qualities, and
Terpene lactone is associated with increased circulation and may protect nerve
cells. In addition,
Ginkgo Biloba appears to inhibit substances which
cause platelets to clump, leading to poor blood
flow in the nervous system.
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) a nutrient present in every
cell of the body, essential to chemical reactions which allow the body to
produce energy. In addition to playing a crucial role in normal metabolism and
energy production, Alpha Lipoic Acid also functions as a potent antioxidant that
helps protect healthy cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. Besides
protecting membranes, mitochondria (the energy-producing structures within
cells) and cellular DNA, RLA work synergistically with vitamins C and E and
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10).
Vinpocetine is a chemical substance synthesized from
vincamine, a natural constituent found in the leaves of the Vinca minor (lesser
periwinkle) plant. Popular in Europe and Japan as a memory-enhancing supplement
for the past several decades, vinpocetine has recently become available as a
dietary supplement in the U.S.
Normal aging may result in reduced blood flow to the
brain and a decrease in the metabolic activity of brain cells.
Vinpocetine is believed to promote healthy cognitive function by acting as a
cerebral vasodilator, meaning it enhances blood flow to the brain. Vinpocetine
works by inhibiting an enzyme called phosphodiesterase type 1 (PDE1), while at
the same time reducing intracellular calcium levels. This allows brain blood
vessels to relax and increases the amount of blood flowing through them.
Vinpocetine also reduces the viscosity or "stickiness" of red blood cells and
platelets, allowing blood to flow more freely through narrowed vessels.
is a standardized piperine extract obtained from the fruits of the Piper
nigrum L. (black pepper) and/or Piper longum L. (long pepper)
plants that are cultivated in the damp, nutrient-rich soil regions of south
India. The delicate pepper berries are hand harvested just prior to ripening and
then sun dried to assure optimum maturity and quality. The extract of piperine,
developed by Sabinsa Corporation in its patented form of Bioperine®,
has been clinically tested in the United States and
shown to significantly enhance the bioavailability
(absorption) of supplemented nutrients through increased absorption.
exemplifies a nutraceutical which is not only an important part of human and
animal nutrition, but also has become increasingly attractive to modern
This is one ingredient that has been specifically
designed to change the way your body looks at supplements.
Serving Size: 3 capsules
Servings per container: 30
Amount Per Serving
% Daily Value
L Glutamine, DLPA (DL-phenylalanine), Phosphatidyl Choline,
Phosphatidyl Serine (Leci-PS), DMAE (as Bitartrate), N-Acetyl
L-Tyrosine, PAK (Pyridoxine Alpha-Ketoglutarate), Ginko Biloba
24% (50:1) leaf extract, Alpha Lipoic Acid, Vinpocetine,
Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamin)
Vitamin B-6 (as